Objective To explore the combined application of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and systemic immune inflammation index (SII) on the prognosis of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma after resection.Methods Retrospectively collected data of 180 patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma who were hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases and Hepatobiliary Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University and received surgical treatment from January 2013 to December 2019, including general information, laboratory examination and abdominal CT or MRI results. NLR and SII values were measured at one week before operation, and their critical values of NLR and SII were determined by ROC curve analysis. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to determine the risk factors to predict the survival status of patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy.Results Univariate analysis showed that AFP, platelets, TNM staging, portal vein tumor thrombus, tumor differentiation, NLR, SII, and NLR+SII combined score were significantly correlated with the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that PLT [HR=1.791, 95%CI (1.124, 2.854), P=0.014], NLR [HR=4.289, 95%CI (2.571, 7.156), P<0.001], SII [HR=5.317, 95%CI (3.016, 9.374), P<0.001], and NLR+SII combined score [HR=7.901, 95%CI (4.124, 15.138), P<0.001] were independently correlated with the survival of patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma.Conclusions The preoperative NLR+SII combined score can be used to evaluate the postoperative prognosis of patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma. The higher the score, the lower the postoperative survival rate.
SI Ying, XIAO Ke, SUN Changfeng, SUN Bo, HUANG Yongmao. The value of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio combined with systemic immune inflammation index in evaluating the prognosis of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy. CHINESE JOURNAL OF BASES AND CLINICS IN GENERAL SURGERY, 2021, 28(8): 1056-1061. doi: 10.7507/1007-9424.202010044