Objective To summary the clinical effect of a special method of vascular reconstruction in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) combined with portal vein (PV) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV)/spleen vein(SV) confluence resection in the treatment of pancreatic head cancer with PV and SMV/SV confluence were both invaded by tumor. Methods Retrospectively summarized the clinical data of 1 pancreatic head cancer patient who got treatment at Shanghai General Hospital in March 2017, whose PV and SMV/SV confluence were both invaded by tumor. According to the preoperative CT judgement, the degree of tumor and vascular infiltration was determined as type of Loyer E, the invasion part was located on the right wall of the SMV/SV confluence, and the depth of infiltration did not exceed the lowest point of the SMV/SV confluence junction. This patient underwent PD combined with the invasion of the PV and the right part of SMV/SV confluence resection, with the left part of SMV/SV confluence was retained, and then vascular graft was used for the anastomosis between the PV and the SMV/SV confluence. Results The patient’s operative time was 380 min, and the blood loss was 200 mL. The blocking time of PV, SMV, and SV was 35, 30, and 30 min, respectively, without postoperative pancreatic fistula, biliary leakage, incision infection, pulmonary infection, vascular graft infection, blood clots, liver failure, and other complications. The patient recovered and discharged from hospital on postoperative twelfth day. In postoperative 1-month, the patient reviewed on abdomen CT angiography (CTA), showing the vascular graft unobstructed. In postoperative 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month, there was no obvious discomfort, and chest and abdominal CT found no tumor recurrence and metastasis in postoperative 12-months, as well as liver function was normal. Conclusions For pancreatic head cancer with PV and SMV/SV confluence are both invaded by tumor, PD combined with the invasion of the PV and the right part of SMV/SV confluence resection, then the left part of SMV/SV confluence and PV are anastomosed by vascular graft, this is a special method of vascular reconstruction. It can reduce SV to reconstruct the anastomosis separately, shorten PV blocking time and the liver ischemia time, so it is very important in the rapid recovery of the liver function.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of pathological portal vein (PV)/superior mesenteric vein (SMV) invasion during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma and the clinical significance of PD with PV/SMV resection in patients without pathological evidence of venous invasion.MethodsFrom January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017, data of 183 patients who had PD for pancreatic adenocarcinoma were collected. Eighty-one patients had PD with PV/SMV resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, among them, 42 cases (51.9%) had pathological PV/SMV invasion (PD+P/S+ group) and 39 patients (48.1%) didn’t have pathological PV/SMV invasion (PD+P/S− group). One hundred and two patients had a standard PD without PV/SMV resection (control group). Multivariate analysis was used to identify predictive variables which influencing survival and the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate patients’ survival.ResultsThere were no differences in gender, age, preoperative serum CA19-9 level, blood loss, tumor size, tumor TNM stage, positive lymph nodes, ratio of positive lymph nodes, degree of tumor differentiation, perineural invasion, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, type of operation, and margin status among 3 groups (P>0.05). And moreover, no significant differences were found between the PD combined PV/SMV resection group and the control group in the incidence of complications and mortality (P>0.05) and all no reoperation happened. Univariate analysis revealed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) among the PD+P/S+ group, PD+P/S– group and control group (P<0.001), median survival time were 10, 19 and 20 months, respectivly. Moreover, depth of PV/SMV invasion, use of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and tumor differentiation were independent prognostic factors by multivariate survival analysis.ConclusionsOS of patients with PV/SMV invasion is significantly worse than that of patients without PV/SMV invasion, no matter underwent PV/SMV resection or not. The cause of that maybe invade to the tunica intima by tumor limits OS of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. OS of PV/SMV-resected patients without pathological PV/SMV invasion is similar to that of patients who had standard PD without PV/SMV resection. Whether the patients can benefit from routine resection of PV/SMV is still controversial.